Glossary

AngCN

The Anglia Cancer Network

Ambulatory Care

Any medical care delivered on an outpatient basis

Benchmarking

Process of measuring the performance of an organisation against standards or other organisations offering an identical service

Cancer Inequalities

Commonly called the 'post code lottery,' whereby some populations are better served with healthcare services than others

Capacity

The ability within an organisation to fulfil the demand of a particular health service

Commissioners

Work as part of the Primary Care Trusts and have a statutory responsibility to buy the best health care for that population within a defined funding structure

CCG

Cross Cutting Group - a group that covers more than one tumour type
Also
Clinical Commissioning Group - regional group commissioning services

CNS

Central Nervous System

CNS

This can also mean a Clinical Nurse Specialist

Elective and Non-elective episodes

Elective episodes are ones which have been planned ahead – e.g. planned surgery, whilst non-elective episodes are not planned – e.g. emergency admissions to hospital

E-prescribing

An electronic prescribing system where doses of chemotherapy are calculated according to height and weight (body mass index). Electronic prescribing systems carry out this calculation and produce an individual patient prescription

Equity of Access

Fairness in the availability of health care services

Fractions

A radiation dose divided and given over a number of treatments

Information prescription templates

A relatively new system which is designed to improve cancer patient access to information at various points along their cancer journey

IoG - Improving Outcomes Guidance

This is a Department of Health document designed to develop excellence in the delivery of healthcare for cancer patients

Late presentation

When a patient attends a healthcare establishment for the first time with advanced symptoms of cancer

Linear Accelerator (LA) (Linac)

A machine which creates high-energy radiation that may be used to treat cancer - also called a linac

MDT

Multi Disciplinary Team - team of healthcare professionals from each discipline eg. Doctors, Nurses, Radiologists etc who meet regularly to decide a mode of treatment for individual patients. SMDTs - Specialist Multi-disciplinary teams are MDTs held at larger cancer centres

(N)SSG

(Network) Site Specific Group - a group that covers one tumour type

National Cancer Peer Review

A programme of monitoring carried out on and by health professionals, to ensure standards of excellence are reached and maintained

NHS Resource Allocation Capitation Funding Process

A process whereby funds can be weighted in favour of more deprived areas where the incidence of disease is greater

OD

Organisational Development

Oncology, Oncological

Relating to Cancer

Palliative Care

Any form of medical care or treatment that concentrates on reducing the severity of disease symptoms, rather than striving to halt, delay, or reverse progression of the disease itself, or provide a cure

Pathway

A detailed map of the process of a patient diagnostic and treatment service

Practice Based Commissioners

Enable GPs and other front line clinicians to redesign services that better meet the needs of their patients

Primary Care

The health services that play a central role in the local community, such as family doctors (GPs), pharmacists, dentists etc

Provider

Any establishment which provides healthcare for the community. Eg. Hospital, GP surgery, hospice etc

Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs)

Patients taking part in clinical trials are sometimes randomised (usually by computer) to either one form of treatment or another, and the two or more forms of treatment are compared

Recurrence

When a cancer returns after a period of remission

Secondary Care

The service provided by medical specialists who generally do not have first contact with patients, for example in hospitals

Socio-economic structure

Configuration of a population, revealing areas of deprivation and affluence

Staging information

Via blood or pathological tests, the activity of cancer disease in the body is 'staged' in order to improve decision making when considering treatment

Stakeholder

A person, group, organisation, or system who affects or can be affected by an organisation's actions

Strategic Health Authority (SHA)

Responsible for a range of NHS trusts which either run or commission local NHS services. The SHA, directed by the Department of Health, is responsible for the strategic supervision of these services

Strategy

Programme of action designed to achieve a particular goal or goals

Survivorship

Covers the physical, psychological, social, and economic issues of cancer, from diagnosis until the end of life

Voluntary Sector

Consisting of formal organisations which may offer health care, or support patients with cancer, and engage in some degree of volunteerism, eg. Hospices, cancer charities

Work streams

Work which emanates from a programme of activity, which has been developed through the themes of a strategy. Each stream has an 'owner' who has responsibility for its delivery